Research is one of the key components of a Canadian post-secondary education. In Canada, government and industry together support research including: telecommunications, medicine, agriculture, computer technology, and environmental science. More than one third of Canada’s research is conducted at Canadian universities – one of the highest rates among OECD and G8 countries.
Like the UK’s Russell Group and Australia’s Group of Eight, Canada has its own group of leading universities known as the Group of Thirteen (G13). These institutions are among the most research-intensive in the country and specialize in offering joint research programs.
G13 institutions are:
- University of Alberta
- University of British Columbia
- University of Calgary
- Dalhousie University
- Laval University
- McGill University
- McMaster University
- University of Montréal
- University of Ottawa
- Queen’s University
- University of Toronto
- University of Waterloo
- Western University
Quick notes on studying a PhD in the CANADA:
Duration of PhD in Canada: The doctoral degree usually requires three or four years of full-time residency, although a longer period of directed research and writing is often required to complete the doctoral thesis.
Cost of PhD: There are several Graduate scholarships that are available to cover some of the costs of studying in Canada. The best source of funds tends to be individual universities and colleges, many of whom offer different types of scholarships that cover tuition costs or living expenses and sometimes both. Several awards are based solely on academic merit and therefore financial aid is not taken into account through the application process. The Canadian government also offers a range of awards for graduate students, as do a large number of individual universities.
Who can apply for PhD in Canada: Students who have finished their Master’s degree. Bachelor students may be considered for a direct PHD, the duration of which would be longer than a regular one.
English Language Proficiency: You can take either an IELTS test or TOEFL test to establish your English language abilities. The test could be done within one month from the date you decide to take the test ie. preparing for the test, registering for the test, to appearing for it. If you need to register for the test or need help or coaching, you could contact us at +91 9820864001
Research Proposal: Students wishing to pursue PhD need to submit a research proposal that clearly outlines the title and the research that can be undertaken. The research proposal can be around 2500-3000 words. Your research proposal helps your future supervisors to understand your line of thinking, your experience and ability to conduct research, and how your strengths will enable you to write your thesis. In addition,, a research proposal is a great tool that can help you to structure your thinking and outline the path you would like to follow during your PhD education
Connect with Professors: You will need to get in touch with professors at the university who are conducting research similar to your area of interest. Once this is done, and they agree to be your guide, you can make an application at the university.
Work During Study: You could work 20hrs / week during your term and 40hrs/wk during holidays
Work After Study: You could stay back in Canada for upto a maximum of 3 years to look for a job and work full-time. You do not need a job offer in hand to stay back.
Visa: You should apply for a visa only, and immediately, after being accepted by the school to which you applied. To apply for a visa you must complete and submit all required documents as requested by the Canadian government including the official acceptance document(s) from the University at which one will be studying, and, if planning to study in Quebec, a Certificate of Acceptance from the Quebec government, and pay the required visa processing fee. A visa applicant may be required to undergo an interview with a Canadian Visa Officer and/or a medical examination and/or prove that you have sufficient funds to study and live in Canada and return to your country.
Permanent Residency option: PhD graduates may be eligible to apply for permanent residence.
Graduate Certificate and Graduate Diploma in CANADA
What is the difference between Graduate Certificate and Graduate Diploma in Canada?
To make things simple for you, there is frankly NO difference. While some College in Canada call it Graduate Diploma, most Colleges in Canada call is Graduate Certificate
Indian students can study graduate certificate or graduate diploma in Canada after their Bachelors in India. These courses in Canada are equivalent to the Post Graduate Diploma in India. Thus, many students refer to these programs as Post Graduate Diploma in Canada.
Most Graduate Certificate programs can be completed in eight months (two semesters) to 1 year. Few Graduate Certificate programs are for 2 years as well.
Graduate Certificate and Graduate Diploma programs in Canada are intensive, highly focused programs designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills required to enter a particular job market. These programs cover a broad range of employment areas. Eg. Graduate certificate course in Marketing can be of one year duration and will provide you the necessary skills to make a career in to Marketing
These post graduate diploma in Canada can lead you to become eligible to study a Masters in Canada. Many students in India study a 3 years Bachelors which is not enough to study a Masters in Canada. So many Indian students opt to study a PG Diploma in Canada (in stead of studying MCom Part 1 or any such Masters) and then continue on to their Masters.
Quick notes on Graduate Certificate Programs:
- Offered By: Graduate certificate courses are offered by several colleges across Canada and also few Universities. Colleges like Seneca College, Fanshawe College, Georgian College, Conestoga College, Centennial College, George Brown College, Humber College, Northern Lights College, Lambton College, Mohawk College, Sheridan College, and more offer several exciting 1 year Graduate Certificate Courses.
- Duration: Duration of most of the Graduate Certificate Courses are from 8 months to 1 year. Very few program are for 2 years
- Who should study Graduate Certificate Programs: Graduate certificates require a university degree or a college diploma for admission, building on knowledge and experience gained through previous postsecondary study. Intended for students who have 15 yrs of education working professionals, these programs offer practical, hands-on training for real world. Graduate Certificate programs also may prepare students for advanced degree programs and universities accept graduate certificate program courses for entry into their Masters course, you may have to undertake few pre-requisites courses in few Universities. Several Graduate certificate courses have co-op (internship for 3-4 months) element which is beneficial to get hands on experience in the line of your studies.
- Cost: You may spend about CAD$ 15000 to CAD$ 17000 equivalent to 7.5 to 8.5 lacs for the entire course
- GMAT / GRE: GMAT or GRE is not required to study Graduate Certificate Programs
- IELTS / TOEFL: IELTS is compulsory for international students to study Graduate Certificate courses in Canada
- Work During your Study in Canada:
- On- Campus Employment: Students may work up to 20 hours per week for the college/ University they are attending. Typical on-campus jobs might include working in a cafeteria or working in the Athletic Centre. These jobs are, however, scarce and usually assigned on a first come, first served basis. There are jobs available for only a few students each semester and you shouldn’t count on getting an on-campus job during your first semester. Usually, all the jobs are filled by students who apply during the previous semester. No work permit is required to work on campus.
- Off Campus Employment: You may qualify to work off campus without a work permit. If you qualify, your study permit will allow you to work for a total of 20 hours per week and during vacations a maximum of 40 hours per week.
- Spouse Work permit: Your spouse may apply for an open work permit (which means they need not have a job offer or a labour market opinion from service Canada) if you are a full time student and have a valid study permit. Work permits of Spouse are valid for the same period of time as your study permit.
- Internship (Co-op) Work: Co-op programs include scheduled periods of employment in related industries within the academic year. These placements are typically paid positions and may be a requirement for graduation. Few Graduate certificate courses offered at several colleges in Canada offer the co-op option i.e. internships for a period of 3 to 4 months. This gives an extra edge of working in the real world and applying the knowledge that has been gained while studying. Most of the time students interning in a company are easily absorbed by it upon the completion of their internship. You must apply for a co-operative education work permit for the same after you have got a study permit while you are studying at the college. Help for the same is given by the International student centres/advisors at the college / University where you are studying.
- Work After your Study in Canada:. To work in Canada you must apply for Post Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP). A student is allowed to stay back in the country for the length of your program upto a maximum of 3 years to look for a job and work full-time Over 90% of Canada’s college graduates are employed in their field of study within six monthsafter graduation and 93% of employers are satisfied with graduates. In case of Graduate Certificate course the stay back option would be 8 months to 1yr depending on the length of the program. Incase of Graduate Diploma courses which are for a period of 2yrs you would have stay back option of 3 years
- Permanent Residency: Some international students with Canadian credentials and Canadian work experience may apply for permanent residency without having to leave Canada? Skilled Canadian work experience gained through the Post Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP) helps graduates qualify for a permanent residence in Canada through Express Entry.
Student Partnership Program Colleges in Canada
Popularly known as SPP, Student Partners Program is an administrative framework between the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC). Launched in April 2009, the main objective behind this program was to streamline admission and visa process for Canadian Community Colleges which would increase the number of visas issued to Indian students for studying at Canadian Community Colleges. A large number of Indian students apply to various specialized trade requirement based diploma and Post graduate diploma program at Community Colleges in Canada.
SPP was initially only open for the Indian nationals, but gauging how successful it turned out to be, the project was extended to China as well. Under this program, nearly 40 Canadian colleges are listed and there are several other ACCC colleges which welcome Indian students.
Students planning to pursue studies in Canada can apply to any of the participating SPP colleges. Applications under this program receive prompt processing and a fair decision based on the documents furnished by the students. In case an applicant meets the eligibility criteria of the college applied to, then he/she will be considered under the SPP program
Eligibility Criteria to apply under SPP Scheme
Those applying for a program under SPP must meet the following eligibility criteria:
A study gap of no more than five years is allowed, with certain exceptions made for students with a three year gap who have excellent grades with work experience eg. if you finished your last qualification (say 12th std.) in 2010, you will most likely not be accepted by a College in Canada if you apply for a program in 2015. Most SPP Colleges prefer lesser than 2 years study gap
Not more than 8 backlogs (re-sits) in recent studies are accepted under SPP
The course applied must be relevant to the student’s previous study background and must add value to the previous education
Students must have a minimum of 50% score in their recently completed degree or diploma or Higher as per the SPP institution specific requirement
Furnish proof of payment of the tuition fee for one semester or one year (as asked by the SPP College in Canada)
Purchase of a special Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC) from Scotia Bank of CAD$10000 to cover living expenses for the first year of stay in Canada. This has to be done while you are in India (ie. not after you apply for a Canadian student visa)
Students with previous study visa rejection are not allowed to reapply under SPP visa category
Advantages of applying under SPP in Canada
Fasters Canadian student visa processing
Streamlined admission and visa guidelines for all SPP participating institutions
Advance medicals reports
Quality of the institutions is assured
Less documents required forvisa
Income Tax Proof not required
Working in Canada under SPP
Work permit is open to all international students who have graduated with a recognized qualification from any of the accredited institutions in Canada be it the SPP colleges or non SPP colleges.
The current work permit rules for international students in Canada allows students to obtain a Post Study work permit in Canada of up to 3 years if the course period is two years or higher. However, for students whose course duration is one year or less than 1 year are eligible for a work permit equal to their duration of study. Kindly note that work permit is available to all international students whether a student studies at SPP College or at a non SPP College
SPP Colleges in Canada
Algonquin College, Ontario
Bow Valley College, Alberta
Cambrian College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
Camosun College, British Columbia
Centennial College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
College of New Caledonia, British Columbia
College of the Rockies, British Columbia
Columbia College, British Columbia
Conestoga College, Ontario
Confederation College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
Douglas College, British Columbia
Durham College, Ontario
Fanshawe College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
George Brown College, Ontario
Georgian College of Arts & Technology, Ontario
Grant MacEwan University, Alberta
Humber College Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning, Ontario
Kwantlen Polytechnic University, British Columbia
Lambton College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
Loyalist College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
Marine Institute of Memorial University, Newfoundland
Medicine Hat College, Alberta
Mohawk College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
Niagara College, Ontario
North Island College, British Columbia
Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Alberta
Northern College, Ontario
Northern Lights, British Columbia
Okanagan College, British Columbia
Red River College of Applied Arts, Science & Technology, Manitoba
Selkirk College, British Columbia
Seneca College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
Sheridan College Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning, Ontario
St-Clair College of Applied Arts & Technology, Ontario
St. Lawrence College, Ontario
University of The Fraser Valley, British Columbia
Vancouver Island University, British Columbia
Vancouver Community College, British Columbia
Here are some questions and answers to provide more clarity about SPP:
What is the visa application deadline?
SPP applications should be submitted by 1st of August in order to seek admission for September intake. Indian students can sent their application directly to VFS (visa Facilitation Services) in New Delhi or Chandigarh.
Can a visa once refused be granted if apply under SPP?
No. To apply under SPP the student should have never been refused a study permit to Canada. If a visa is once refused then the student has to apply under the general category.
Can I apply without an education loan?
No. Education loan for 80% of the first year of expenses is compulsory to consider an application under SPP. If you have funds and do not wish to take up the education loan, you can apply for visa under general category but not under SPP.
Do SPP Colleges offer an MBA programme?
Most SPP Colleges only offer diploma, Bachelors, Graduate diploma and PG Diploma.
What about studying at other Canadian Colleges which are not under SPP?
Canada has an excellent education system looked after independently by each province. The topmost Universities Canada too are not under SPP as they do not come under the definition of Student Partnership Program. They have their own values for education; student’s applying to such institutions will be assessed under general category.
Do I definitely get a visa if I apply under SPP?
No. The decision is made by Canadian embassy. If you meet all the criteria of being able to apply under the SPP visa category, the chances of your visa do increase but you can be rejected too
Can I apply for PNP without having studied under SPP?
SPP is not linked to PNP. PNP or Provincial Nomination Program has its own requirement. It is open for all the students who have studied under any category and keen to apply for (permanent residency) PR in Canada.
Can I get work permit in Canada if I do not study under SPP?
Work permit scheme is open to all the international students who have graduated with proper qualification from any of the accredited institutions. Work permit has its own requirement and each student should qualify those requirements.
According to the present status of work permit in Canada, a student whose duration of course is for two years or more will get a work permit for 3 years in Canada. If the duration of study is for less than 2 years then the duration of work permit will be equal to the duration of study. Eg. if you course in Canada is of 14 months, then you will get a post study work permit in Canada for 14 months
Kindly note, for the first six months, students will be entitled to work only inside the college campus.
Can I settle in Canada after completion of my studies?
Yes, you can. You are more likely to meet the points requirement for Canada Immigration if you have study in Canada for two years
How can ILW help?
Consulting: We explain the complete process of studying in Canada. We assess your profile and understand your suitability to study in Canada. We suggest areas of profile development so that you could best present yourself and your application to the admissions committee
Timeline and Action Plan: We create a timeline for you and develop an action plan so that you could finish the application related work timely. This is very important because there are so many things to consider: your academic studies, your work, collecting documents for applications, test preparation, admission and visa process time, etc.
Shortlisting: Based on your interest area, future plans, career objectives, budget and several other factors, we help you select the right undergraduate programs in Canada you must apply to. This is very important because you spend application fees per university, send out couriers and invest more during the process and not applying to the right set of Universities and colleges would mean a loss of money and time. We categorically suggest Ambitious, Moderate and Safe University options from which you can select from so as to create the right set 4 to 6 Universities and colleges in Canada
Application Documentation: We guide you with your documents required for applying to Canadian Universities and Colleges. This includes helping you build and edit the right CV, editing suggestions to strengthen your essays and SOP, providing guidance on your recommendation letters, and more. We are one of the leading admission consulting in the country and essay editing is our forte
Essay Editing: Applying to 8 to 10 Canadian Universities mean you may end up writing between 16 to 24 essays. We help you edit and refine each and every word of the written essays and we suggest how to improve the content. With limitless iterations, we make your craft the finest essays and bring out the real YOU in your profile. Ask any of our students and they have loved how we have guided them with the essay writing and editing
Visa Guidance: We will help you with the documentation, provide sample formats, check your visa application, help you file for Canada visa, help you with opening of the GIC account, etc.
Canada Admission CounselingIn case you’re confused about your studies in Canada, we can help you solve the problem. Once we meet you, and your parents or spouse, we ask you questions to get a clearer idea of your preferences, restrictions, and goals. This will allow us to make a range of suggestions with regard to locations and universities. With more discussions we’ll help you pick between them and narrow it down to the right selection of safe, moderate and ambitions options. We will make your process of studying in Canada hassle-free.
We are experts at what we do.We started in 2002 and have helped 1000s of students (personally) since then. The collective experience of our team of experts go beyond a 100 years. Many of us have studied abroad and know exactly what your requirements will be, what kind of universities should be best suited for your future, what you need to do to get there.
We are extremely personal. Students ask us 1000s of questions and we enjoy replying to these. You will have one dedicated team member who you will be able to contact throughout the service. We don’t count the number of hours spent on you. We don’t shed away responsibilities. We work on your side and have just one thing in mind—to get you your best in your career
We keep in touch with Universities. We keep in touch with our past students. We know exactly what a University will require or we can identify it very (very) easily. We help you build your profile, craft a great resume, and statement of purpose (SOP)/essays and bring out the best in you while presenting you to a University. Chances of your admissions evidently rise because we are around.
We help you right from start to end in the process ie. from selecting the right course and university list, documentation preparation, filling out and checking of forms, applying to universities, to securing admission offers, helping you finalize the best choice of university, visa guidance (including documentation, mock interview rounds, application), accommodation booking and much more. Hey! IELTS coaching is also available at our centre. We are brilliant with our essay editing services (remember – you will have to end up writing 18 to 24 essays when you apply to 8 to 10 Universities). We are simply there for everything! #enoughsaid
Mostly all of our students are through word of mouth. You will ENJOY your process and will not have to think how ordinary a question is while you ask us. We reply. We ensure that you remain satisfied. Nearly all our students would give us a 100/100 for our services.
a few things, a little bragging
Over 70% students secure some scholarship / funding
16+ years of experience in placing students worldwide